Chronic Rhinosinusitis (CRS) may appear abruptly. It can begin as a nonspecific upper respiratory infection or acute, short-term inflammation of the sinuses that fails to clear up. From there, it may develop slowly, but gradually over months or years. Occasionally, the first sign of CRS may be the unexpected showing of a “danger sign,” like severe headaches, facial pain, or visual changes.
Additionally, some people with CRS have abnormal growth of tissue inside their noses or sinuses called nasal polyps (CRS with nasal polyps or CRSwNP). The polyps can become large, numerous, and clog the sinuses. If nasal polyps are not involved, then the condition is called CRS without nasal polyps (CRSsNP).
Which Demographic is Most at Risk?
Data suggests that prevalence of CRSsNP is higher in women than men and that prevalence also varies with age. Although all age ranges can be impacted, there is a decline in incidences among people who are 65 and older. Prevalence by race has not yet been investigated; however, Black and African-American patients tend to have poorer outcomes due to the lack of health equity and insurance.
Quality of Life:
CRS can have significant adverse effects on an individual’s quality of life. Data suggests that some patients with CRS may have a considerably lower quality-of-life social functioning as well as decreased physical and overall health in comparison to the general population.
CRS is a chronic disorder, and there may be considerable economic burden over time due to the cost diagnostic tests, medical treatments and surgical therapies. Additionally, patients with CRS may experience lost and reduced school and work productivity, and negative effects to their physical and emotional health.
If you think you or a loved one is being impacted by CRS (either with or without nasal polyps), please seek the advice of a qualified medical professional. Some options include:
- Rhinology Specialists
- Primary Care Doctors
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